blockmode - filter to block average (x,y,z) data by mode estimation.
blockmode [ xyz[w]file(s) ] -Ix_inc[m|c][/y_inc[m|c]]
-Rwest/east/south/north[r] [ -H[nrec] ] [ -N ] [ -Q ] [ -V ] [ -W[io] ]
[ -: ] [ -bi[s][n] ] [ -bo[s] ]
blockmode reads arbitrarily located (x,y,z) triples [or optionally
weighted quadruples (x,y,z,w)] from standard input [or xyz[w]file(s)]
and writes to standard output mode estimates of position and value for
every non-empty block in a grid region defined by the -R and -I
arguments. Either blockmean, blockmedian, or blockmode should be used
as a pre-processor before running surface to avoid aliasing short
wavelengths. These routines are also generally useful for decimating
or averaging (x,y,z) data. You can modify the precision of the output
format by editing the D_FORMAT parameter in your .gmtdefaults file, or
you may choose binary input and/or output using single or double
3 [or 4] column ASCII file(s) [or binary, see -b] holding
(x,y,z[,w]) data values. [w] is an optional weight for the data.
If no file is specified, blockmode will read from standard input.
-I x_inc [and optionally y_inc] is the grid spacing. Append m to
indicate minutes or c to indicate seconds.
-R west, east, south, and north specify the Region of interest. To
specify boundaries in degrees and minutes [and seconds], use the
dd:mm[:ss] format. Append r if lower left and upper right map
coordinates are given instead of wesn.
-H Input file(s) has Header record(s). Number of header records can
be changed by editing your .gmtdefaults file. If used, GMT
default is 1 header record. Not used with binary data.
-N Block centers have pixel registration. [Default: grid
registration.] (Registrations are defined in GMT Cookbook
Appendix B on grid file formats.) Each block is the locus of
points nearest the grid value location. For example, with
-R10/15/10/15 and and -I1: with the -N option 10 <= (x,y) < 11
is one of 25 blocks; without it 9.5 <= (x,y) < 10.5 is one of 36
-Q (Quicker) Finds mode z and mean (x, y) [Default finds mode x,
mode y, mode z].
-V Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr
[Default runs "silently"].
-W Weighted modifier[s]. Unweighted input and output has 3 columns
x,y,z; Weighted i/o has 4 columns x,y,z,w. Weights can be used
in input to construct weighted modal values in blocks. Weight
sums can be reported in output for later combining several runs,
etc. Use -W for weighted i/o, -Wi for weighted input only, -Wo
for weighted output only. [Default uses unweighted i/o]
-: Toggles between (longitude,latitude) and (latitude,longitude)
input/output. [Default is (longitude,latitude)].
-bi Selects binary input. Append s for single precision [Default is
double]. Append n for the number of columns in the binary
file(s). [Default is 3 (or 4 if -W is set) columns].
-bo Selects binary output. Append s for single precision [Default is
To find 5 by 5 minute block mode estimates from the double precision
binary data in hawaii_b.xyg and output an ASCII table, try
blockmode hawaii_b.xyg -R198/208/18/25 -I5m -bi3 > hawaii_5x5.xyg
blockmean, blockmedian, gmt, gmtdefaults, nearneighbor, surface,
Man(1) output converted with